Archaeology Odyssey, November/December 2003



Sacred Precincts

A Tartessian sanctuary in ancient Spain

By Sebastián Celestino Pérez Carolina López-Ruiz

When the Phoenicians arrived on the Iberian peninsula, probably at the end of the ninth century B.C., they came into contact with an indigenous people called the Tartessians. The two cultures soon fused. The hybrid culture produced by this fusion of peoples is evident...Read more ›


Sirens & phinxes & gorgons in Greek art

By Despoina Tsiafakis

Do not be deceived by the alluring mythological creatures known as sirens, sphinxes and gorgons. Their feminine faces belie a ferocity and frightening power, which the ancient Greeks expressed in poetry, sculpture and painting. Sirens lured their prey with seductive songs. Sphinxes posed fatal riddles and snatched...Read more ›

The Mystery of Theoderic’s Tomb Solved!

The sixth-century A.D. Roman-gothic king built it to last

By Harry Rand

One of the most mysterious buildings in all of Western architecture—the tomb of Theoderic (454–526 C.E.), king of the Ostrogoths (see the sidebar to this article)—glowers at the end of a tree-lined avenue in Ravenna, Italy. The tomb’s heavy, brooding presence has prompted one modern observer to...Read more ›


Field Notes

By Doug AlexanderChristopher Sherwin LightfootJudith Harris


The Mind in the Cave

Reviewed by Susan McCarter