Much scholarly analysis and debate followed these discoveries. See Paul V.C. Baur et al., The Excavations at Dura-Europos, Preliminary Reports (New Haven, CT: Yale Univ., 1929–1952); Carl Kraeling, The Excavations at Dura Europos, Final Reports, vol. 8, pt. 1, The Synagogue (New Haven, CT: Yale Univ., 1956; reprinted Hoboken: KTAV, 1979); Kraeling, The Excavations at Dura-Europos, Final Reports, vol. 8, pt. 2, The Christian Building (New Haven, CT: Yale Univ., 1967), which included an earlier bibliography; a projected final report volume on paintings at Dura has been abandoned. See also, e.g., Marie-Henriette Gates, “Dura-Europos: A Fortress of Syro-Mesopotamian Art,” Biblical Archaeologist 47 (1984), pp. 166–181; Joseph Gutmann, The Dura-Europos Synagogue: A Re-evaluation (1932–1992), rev. ed. (Atlanta: Scholars Press, 1992); Susan Matheson, Dura-Europos: The Ancient City and the Yale Collection (New Haven, CT: Yale Univ., 1982); Ann Perkins, The Art of Dura-Europos (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1973); Michael I. Rostovzeff, Dura-Europos and Its Art (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1943); L. Michael White, Domus Ecclesiae—Domus Dei: Adaptation and Development in the Setting for Early Christian Assembly (Yale University dissertation, 1982); Hershel Shanks, “Dura-Europos: Window into a Vanished Jewish World,” in Judaism in Stone: The Archaeology of Ancient Synagogues (New York: Harper & Row/Washington: Biblical Archaeology Society, 1979), pp. 78–96; Annabel Jane Wharton, “Good and Bad Images from Dura Europos: Texts, Contexts, Pretexts, Subtexts, Intertexts,” Art History 17 (1994), pp. 1–25.

For reports on the continued work at Dura, led by French and Syrian archaeologists, see Syria 63 (1986), 65 (1988) and 69 (1992).

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