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Bible Review, June 1997



The Christian Apocrypha

Preserved in art

By David R. Cartlidge

Gazing in adoration at the newborn Jesus, three shepherds join Joseph and Mary in the manger in an early-15th-century painting of The Nativity, attributed to the Netherlandish artist Robert Campin. Outside the rustic shed appear two women, the midwives who attended Jesus’ birth. Midwives! What are they...Read more ›

The Biblical Minimalists

Expunging ancient Israel’s past

By Hershel Shanks

An increasingly modish—virulent?—strain of biblical scholarship concludes that the Bible is useless for reconstructing the history of ancient Israel. If this history can be reconstructed at all, it must be based solely on archaeological evidence as interpreted by anthropological models. A recent extension—criticism, really—of this thinking argues...Read more ›

Gospels in the Classroom

Where the Bible’s just a good book

By Paul Q. Beeching

Every other spring for the last dozen years I have taught an undergraduate course: English 361 The Bible as Literature: New Testament Spring Semester. 3 hrs In teaching this course, I have discovered that the best thing that could happen to the New Testament has happened to...Read more ›

Son of God

From Pharaoh to Israel’s kings to Jesus

By James K. Hoffmeier

I am your son,” the pharaoh says to the Egyptian sun god Re in an Old Kingdom pyramid text (c. 2300 B.C.).1 From an early period, Egyptian pharaohs were regarded as divine, the offspring of gods. Did this influence Hebrew understanding of kingship? And did...Read more ›


Bible Books

Reviewed by Brian K. BlountRonald S. HendelMark Kiley