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Bible Review, April 1990



The Gospel of Thomas

Does it contain authentic sayings of Jesus?

By Helmut KoesterStephen J. Patterson

Scholars have long theorized that collections of Jesus’ sayings circulated in the decades following his death and that therefore they would be among the earliest witnesses to his message. Modern critical scholars have even been able to reconstruct one of these collections of sayings —we’ll tell you...Read more ›

A Woman Was the First to Declare Scripture Holy

By William E. Phipps

Huldah the prophetess—let us celebrate her—holds a unique place in history. It was she who, for the first time, designated a written document as Holy Scripture. She began the process that culminated more than millennium later in the canonization of the Bible. It occurred during the reign...Read more ›

Kings Og’s Iron Bed

Fact or fancy?

By Alan R. Millard

In Moses’ famous speech that comprises most of Deuteronomy, he describes the Israelite conquest of two kingdoms east of the Jordan—Heshbon, led by a king named Sihon, and Bashan, led by a king named Og. King Og alone survived— “Only Og the King of...Read more ›

Rachel and Leah

Sibling tragedy or the triumph of piety and compassion?

By Samuel Dresner

Familial tension in the Bible is typically sibling rivalry, rather than Oedipal conflict. We are hard put to find examples of a struggle between parents and children in Genesis, although the popularity of the Greek myth would lead us to expect to find this as the prototype...Read more ›