Bible Review 7:6, December 1991

The Dead Sea Scrolls and Early Christianity: Part One

How are they related?

By James C. VanderKam

Almost from the moment the first Dead Sea Scrolls came under scholarly scrutiny, the question of their relation to early Christianity became a key issue.

The early days of Qumrana research produced some spectacular theories regarding the relationship among Jesus, the first Christians and the Qumran community. In 1950 the French scholar André Dupont-Sommer argued that the Teacher of Righteousness—the founder and first leader of the Qumran group according to the scrolls—had a career that prefigured and paralleled that of Jesus:

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