Elijah Flees to Sinai (Horeb) and Yahweh Silently Appears (1 Kings 19:1–3, 8–12)
Sidebar to: Part II: The Development of Israelite Religion
When Ahab told Jezebel all that Elijah had done and how he had put all the prophets of Ba’al to the sword, Jezebel sent a messenger to Elijah, saying, “Thus and more may the gods do if by this time tomorrow I have not made you like one of them.” Frightened, Elijah fled at once for his life….
Elijah walked forty days an forty nights as far as the mountain of God at Horeb. There he went into a cave, and there he spent the night.
Then the word of the Lord came to him. He said to him, “Why are you here, Elijah?” He replied, “I am moved by zeal for the Lord, the God of Hosts, for the Israelites have forsaken Your covenant, torn down Your altars, and put Your prophets to the sword. I alone am left, and they are out to take my life.” “Come out,” He called, “and stand on the mountain before the Lord.”
And lo, the Lord passed by. There was a great and mighty wind, splitting mountains and shattering rocks by the power of the Lord; but the Lord was not in the wind. After the wind—an earthquake; but the Lord was not in the earthquake. After the earthquake—fire; but the Lord was not in the fire. And after the fire—a still, small voice.
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