In one of my first published essays (Louis H. Feldman, Jewish Sympathizers in Classical Literature and Inscriptions, Transactions of the American Philological Association 81 , pp. 200208) I, following Lake (Kirsopp Lake, Proselytes and God-fearers, in Frederick Foakes Jackson and Lake, The Beginnings of Christianity I. The Acts of The Apostles, Vol. 5 [London, 1933], pp. 7496), questioned whether the terms in the Book of Acts, phoboumenoi and sebomenoi ton theon were necessarily references to such a class, and my conclusion was accepted by Robert (Louis Robert, Nouvelles inscriptions de Sardis [Paris, 1964], pp. 4145), among others.