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Biblical Archaeology Review, November/December 1989


Special Section

Temple Mount

Reconstructing Herod’s Temple Mount in Jerusalem

By Kathleen RitmeyerLeen Ritmeyer

Herod the Great—master builder! Despite his crimes and excesses, no one can doubt his prowess as a builder. One of his most imposing achievements was in Jerusalem. To feed his passion for grandeur, to immortalize his name and to attempt to win the loyalty of his sometimes...Read more ›

Temple Mount

A Pilgrim’s Journey

By Kathleen Ritmeyer

Jerusalem is bathed in the clear light of early morning. A pilgrim has come for one of the great festivals, and his journey is almost over. He begins the ascent from the Siloam Pool at the bottom part of the Lower City. The sun is not yet...Read more ›

Temple Mount

Quarrying and Transporting Stones for Herod’s Temple Mount

By Leen Ritmeyer

Herod’s construction in the Temple Mount area, like the construction of most of Jerusalem’s buildings, used local limestone. The mountains around Jerusalem are composed of Turonian and Cenomanian limestone that has a characteristic horizontal layering. These horizontal layers vary between about 18 inches and 5 feet thick...Read more ›

Temple Mount

Reconstructing the Triple Gate

By Kathleen RitmeyerLeen Ritmeyer

Reconstructing the Triple Gate required that we answer three principal questions. What was the gate’s original width? Was it originally a double gate or a triple gate? For whom was it built? The discovery of a vault in front of the Triple Gate—about 23 feet south of...Read more ›


New Hope for the Unpublished Dead Sea Scrolls

By Hershel Shanks

At long last, significant progress is being made to assure publication of the substantial batch of unpublished Dead Sea Scroll texts.a And we may soon learn just how substantial this batch is; finally, after more than three decades, a complete catalogue of the unpublished Dead Sea Scroll...Read more ›

How Are “BAR” and “BAS” Pronounced?

By Hershel Shanks

An old friend of my mother recently returned to Florida from an extended stay in California. One of the highlights of her trip to California, she reported to my mother, was some lectures by a Dr. Horn. Knowing that the distinguished professor and dean emeritus of Andrews...Read more ›

How the Ancients De-Loused Themselves

By Kostas Y. MumcuogluJoseph Zias

The lowly louse has been harassing humankind for millennia. In the past few years we have been trying to locate the little critter archaeologically. Not only has our search for the louse itself been successful, but we have in the process even discovered an effective ancient delousing...Read more ›