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Biblical Archaeology Review, July/August 1992


Special Section

Dead Sea Scrolls Research Council: Fragments

Reconstructing the Scrolls Byte by Byte

By Michael T. Shoemaker

Biblical scholarship entered the computer age more than 20 years ago, when the computerized analysis of texts began. Only more recently have computers been used on the Dead Sea Scrolls. This kind of computer use may have reached its zenith in the work of Ben Zion Wachholder...Read more ›

Dead Sea Scrolls Research Council: Fragments

BAS Publishes Fascicle Two of DSS Transcripts

The Biblical Archaeology Society has recently published Fascicle Two of A Preliminary Edition of the Unpublished Dead Sea Scrolls The Hebrew and Aramaic Texts from Cave Four reconstructed and edited by Ben Zion Wacholder and Martin G. Abegg, both of Hebrew Union College in Cincinnati, Ohio. Like...Read more ›

Dead Sea Scrolls Research Council: Fragments

BAS Facsimile Edition Helps NYU Students

The Biblical Archaeology Society’s advocacy of open access to the Dead Sea Scrolls and its publication last November of A Facsimile Edition of the unpublished Dead Sea Scrolls continue to bear fruit,a this time by advancing the education of a new generation of Dead Sea Scroll scholars...Read more ›

Dead Sea Scrolls Research Council: Fragments

DSS Catalogue Now Available

Over the last 45 years, scholars have had to rediscover the Dead Sea Scrolls hundreds of times—almost every time they tried to find a particular fragment among the thousands stored between glass plates in the Rockefeller Museum in Jerusalem. Some scholars have reported that the search sometimes...Read more ›

Dead Sea Scrolls Research Council: Fragments

Letters on the Qimron Lawsuit Against BAS

Ben Gurion University and Elisha Qimron Respond I am attaching herewith the response from Professor Elisha Qimron to an article which appeared in the last edition of BAR (“Israeli Court Bans BAR from Selling Book of Dead Sea Scroll Photos,” BAR 18:02). I trust it will be...Read more ›

Dead Sea Scrolls Research Council: Fragments

BAS Legal Defense Fund Report

The lawsuit brought against BAR in a Jerusalem court by Ben-Gurion University professor Elisha Qimron has been extremely draining financially. Qimron’s suit is based on our publication of a photocopy of a Hebrew transcript of the 120-line text known as MMT that originally appeared in a Polish...Read more ›

Dead Sea Scrolls Research Council: Fragments

Strugnell Considering Legal Action Against BAR

Ben-Gurion University professor Elisha Qimron, who is suing BAR in a Jerusalem court, is not the only scholar turning to the law for legal redress in connection with the Dead Sea Scrolls. According to the Washington Post, the recently deposed chief editor of the scrolls, John Strugnell,...Read more ›

Dead Sea Scrolls Research Council: Fragments

Dead Sea Scroll Research Burgeoning

Dead Sea Scroll research is growing by leaps and bounds. Two new organizations have recently been formed—in addition to BAS’s own Dead Sea Scrolls Research Council (formerly the Institute for Dead Sea Scroll Studies)—to support and undertake research on the scrolls. The first is a part of...Read more ›

Dead Sea Scrolls Research Council: Fragments

The “Pierced Messiah” Text—An Interpretation Evaporates

Not long after the unpublished Dead Sea Scrolls became accessible last autumn, Professor Robert Eisenman of California State University, Long Beach, disclosed that he had discovered among the hitherto secret manuscripts a small, five-line fragment that has since become known as the Pierced Messiah text. Eisenman did...Read more ›


The Bible Scholar Who Became an Undercover Agent

By Harry M. Orlinsky

It was about noon, Thursday, July 1, 1954. My wife and I had just seen our two sons off for their summer in Vermont. Our car was packed for a fortnight’s trip to Toronto, my wife was already seated in the car and I was locking the...Read more ›

Rediscovered! The Land of Geshur

By Moshe KochaviTimothy RennerIra SparEsther Yadin

Not without some justification did Absalom arrange the murder of his half-brother Amnon. Amnon had raped Absalom’s sister Tamar. Nonetheless, fratricide among King David’s sons was not to be countenanced. After Amnon’s murder, Absalom fled—to the land of Geshur (2 Samuel...Read more ›

Mystery Circles

Newly discovered walls in the Golan puzzle archeologists

By Yonathan Mizrachi

The mysterious site of Rogem Hiri (Rujm el-Hiri, in Arabica) was unknown to professional archaeology until after the Six-Day War in 1967 when the Golan Heights became accessible to Israeli archaeologists. It was discovered during the 1967–1968 archaeological survey of the lower Golan Heights. This unique site...Read more ›

Masada: Arms and the Man

By Jodi Magness

Sometimes we make discoveries not by digging in the ground, but by digging in the records of past excavations. So it is with Masada, Herod’s nearly impregnable palace-fortress in the Judean wilderness, occupied and defended by Jewish Zealots during the First Jewish Revolt against Rome. Masada was...Read more ›