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Biblical Archaeology Review, November/December 1992


Special Section

Dead Sea Scrolls Research Council: Fragments

Beatitudes Found Among Dead Sea Scrolls

By Benedict T. Viviano

A recently published fragment among the Dead Sea Scrolls contains beatitudes with some striking similarities to the beatitudes in the Sermon on the Mount (Matthew 5:3–12) and in the Sermon on the Plain (Luke 6:20–23)—and also some important differences. The fragment...Read more ›

Dead Sea Scrolls Research Council: Fragments

Bits & Pieces

Dead Sea Scrolls Coming to U.S. The Dead Sea Scrolls are coming to the United States, courtesy of the Israel Antiquities Authority. An exhibit of fragmentary scrolls will be shown at the Library of Congress in Washington, D.C., at the New York Public Library, and in a...Read more ›

Dead Sea Scrolls Research Council: Fragments

A Pierced or Piercing Messiah?—The Verdict Is Still Out

By James D. Tabor

Despite the unanimous and confident conclusion of Geza Vermes’ Oxford Forum that the so-called Pierced Messiah text (4Q285) actually celebrates the triumph of a piercing Messiah who slays his enemies,a things are not so clear. Vermes’ bald conclusion, “The fragment does not speak of a slain messiah,”...Read more ›

Dead Sea Scrolls Research Council: Fragments

The Messiah at Qumran

By Michael O. WiseJames D. Tabor

Among the most intriguing of the newly released Dead Sea Scrolls is a fragment that was originally called “On Resurrection.” It was assigned for publication to Abbe Jean Starcky, who died in 1988 without publishing it. After Starcky’s death, it was given to Father Emile Puech of...Read more ›


Excavating an Ancient Merchantman

The Ma’agan Micha’el shipwreck

By Elisha Linder

A chance discovery of a 2,400-year-old shipwreck off the coast of Kibbutz Ma’agan Micha’el, 20 miles south of Haifa, has been yielding a storehouse of new insights into ancient seafaring and the shipwright’s art. Thanks to recent geomorphological changes—fluctuations in the sea level, sediment movements and shifts...Read more ›

New Mosaic Art from Sepphoris

By Ehud NetzerZeev Weiss

BAR readers know Sepphoris well. In the BAR 14:01 issue the mosaic known as the Mona Lisa of the Galilee appeared on the cover and was the prize find of the 1987 season.a More recently, in the BAR 18:03 issue, Sepphoris was the chief exhibit for a...Read more ›

How Did the Philistines Enter Canaan? A Rejoinder

By Itamar Singer

The following rejoinder does not make easy reading; but a careful study of it will be well repaid. Both the original article by Bryant Wood and this rejoinder by Itamar Singer attempt to assess a large mass of archaeological and textual evidence to determine a major historical...Read more ›

The World’s Oldest Poorbox

By Gabriel Barkay

I believe I may have discovered the world’s earliest poorbox—a tangible expression of Israel’s ancient concern for the needy among its people. On one of my frequent visits to Jerusalem’s Rockefeller Museum, I noticed an object that I had seen many times before in one of the...Read more ›