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Biblical Archaeology Review, July/August 1993


Special Section

Dead Sea Scrolls Research Council: Fragments

Qimron Wins Lawsuit

Paying the price for freeing the scrolls

By Hershel Shanks

The Jerusalem court has spoken: Elisha Qimron of Ben-Gurion University of the Negev owns the copyright on the reconstructed text of MMT, one of the most important, and still unpublished, Dead Sea Scrolls. Now the scholarly community will have to live with that decision—and deal with it...Read more ›

Dead Sea Scrolls Research Council: Fragments

The Latest on MMT: Strugnell vs. Qimron

By Edward M. Cook

In a conference held at the University of Notre Dame on April 25 through 27, the complete set of Dead Sea Scrolls photographs was released in microfiche form. Dr. F. H. Pruijt, president of E. J. Brill Publishers of Leiden, Holland, presented the first copy of The...Read more ›

Dead Sea Scrolls Research Council: Fragments

The Scrolls Are Here!

Library of Congress is first of three American venues

By Steven Feldman

Walk into the Madison Building of the Library of Congress (LC), turn left just inside the entrance, and you can gaze at what less than two years ago only a small handful of scholars were allowed to see: a dozen Dead Sea Scroll fragments from the collection...Read more ›


Here Are the Secret Papers from Madrid

The Madrid Qumran Congress: Proceedings of the International Congress on the Dead Sea Scrolls, Madrid 18–21 March 1991 Edited by Julio Trebolle Barrera and Luis Vergas Mantaner (Leiden, Netherlands: E. J. Brill, 1992) 2 vols., 683 pp., $171.50 In early 1991 I received...Read more ›

The Philistines and the Dothans: An Archaeological Romance, Part 1

An interview with Moshe and Trude Dothan

By Hershel Shanks

They are the first family of Israeli archeology. Trude and Moshe Dothan each have more than four decades of experience in the field, having excavated such major sites as Hazor, Hammath Tiberius, Nahariya, Deir el-Balah, Akko, Ashdid and Ekron. In this first installment of a two-part interview...Read more ›

The City of Salt

By Zvi Greenhut

The City of Salt has been found. The late, much-lamented Pesach Bar-Adon identified it. Bar-Adon died in 1985 at the age of 77. The City of Salt, I should say at the outset, has nothing to do with Lot’s wife, who was turned into...Read more ›

An Ancient Israelite House in Egypt?

By Hershel Shanks

What may be an ancient Israelite house has been discovered at the one-time Egyptian capital of Thebes, dating to about the same time the Israelites were settling in Canaan (Iron Age I; 1200–1000 B.C.E.). The house was found by the Austrian archaeologist Manfred Bietak, who is directing...Read more ›

The Bat Creek Inscription: Did Judean Refugees Escape to Tennessee?

By J. Huston McCulloch

At the beginning of the First Jewish Revolt against Rome (66–73 or 74 A.D.), “the inhabitants of Caesarea massacred the Jews who resided in their city,” says the first-century Jewish historian Flavius Josephus. “Within one hour, more than 20,000 were slaughtered, and Caesarea was...Read more ›

Let’s be Serious About the Bat Creek Stone

By P. Kyle McCarter Jr.

Let me see if I have this straight. Some 19 centuries ago there was a group of Jews, citizens of one of the Judean port cities like Caesarea or Joppa, who fled their homes to escape the violence and confusion of the First Jewish Revolt against Rome...Read more ›

Unlocking the Mystery of Rogem Hiri

By Mattanyah Zohar

I suspect that some BAR readers have become hooked, as I have, on the mysterious site in the Golan known as Rogem Hiri (Rujm el-Hiri in Arabic). In the cover story of BAR 18:04 (see “Mystery Circles,”), Dr. Yonathan Mizrachi speculated that these immense concentric stone circles,...Read more ›

Is the Ark of the Covenant in Ethiopia?

By Ephraim Isaac

Ever since the premiere of the popular movie Raiders of the Lost Ark, hardly a year passes without someone claiming to have found the Ark of the Covenant, the disappearance of which is one of the most famous Biblical mysteries. According to a very well-known, ancient Ethiopian...Read more ›