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Biblical Archaeology Review, July/August 1995



The Garden of Gethsemane: Not the Place of Jesus’ Arrest

By Joan E. Taylor

When visitors to Jerusalem are shown a large cave called “Gethsemane” on the lower slopes of the Mount of Olives, they usually give a perfunctory look and hurry on to the famous Garden of Gethsemane, the small garden of olive trees adjacent to the Church of All...Read more ›

Cherubim: God’s Throne?

By Elie Borowski

Abstract or metaphysical thinking was alien to the world of the ancient Near East. Philosophy as we know it was introduced by the Greeks in an unprecedented flowering in the fifth century B.C.E. Although ancient man understood concepts like omnipotence and omniscience, he did not express them...Read more ›

Of Cherubim and Gospel Symbols

By Robin M. Jensen

The lion, eagle, ox and man of Ezekiel’s vision re-emerge in early Christian art as the standard symbols of the authors of the four New Testament Gospels. In his famous vision, the prophet Ezekiel describes four cherubim, each with four faces—of a human being, a lion, an...Read more ›

Finding Historical Memories in the Patriarchal Narratives

By Ronald S. Hendel

The search for the historical patriarchs of Genesis has taken some dizzying turns in the last half-century. From the 1940s through the 1960s, scholars proclaimed that the patriarchal age of Abraham, Isaac, Jacob and Joseph had been found among the mass of new archaeological...Read more ›