In my book, Christians and the Holy Places: The Myth of Jewish-Christian Origins (Oxford: Clarendon, 1993), p. 200, I suggested that these “ledges” may have been the remaining uprights of screw operated presses. I am indebted to Dr. Kloner for pointing out that such screw presses only appeared at the end of the Roman period and were not in use at the time of Jesus.

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