Biblical Archaeology Review 24:5, September/October 1998


By Katharine Eugenia Jones

Biblical Archaeology Review

Bergama, Turkey (ancient Pergamum)

The Book of Revelation was written for a specific audience: the congregations of churches in seven towns in what is now western Turkey. The fortunes of those seven towns—Ephesus, Smyrna, Pergamum, Thyatira, Sardis, Philadelphia and Laodicea—have risen and fallen over the centuries since the Biblical book was written. Bergama, once the international city of Pergamum but now a village, exemplifies the changing tide of history for these seven locales.

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