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Biblical Archaeology Review, July/August 1999



Ports of Galilee

Modern drought reveals harbors from Jesus’ time

By Mendel Nun

Early 19th-century explorers, searching for places where Jesus had walked, attempted to locate the ancient harbors of the Sea of Galilee but failed. Now, after 25 years of searching and researching, we have found them. We have recovered the piers, promenades and breakwaters of...Read more ›

God as Divine Kinsman

What covenant meant in ancient Israel

By Hershel Shanks

The covenant between God and the people of Israel “must be understood on the basis of political and judicial categories,” declares the highly regarded HarperCollins Bible Dictionary.1 Well, yes and no. In a groundbreaking new essay, Frank Moore Cross, one of the leading Biblical exegetes of our...Read more ›

Caught Between the Great Powers

Judah picks a side … and loses

By Abraham Malamat

Rarely do Biblical texts and extra-Biblical materials supplement one another so well as those that describe the last two decades before the Babylonian destruction of Jerusalem, which marked the end of the Judahite state in 586 B.C.E. As a result, we can reconstruct a kind of microanalytical...Read more ›