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Biblical Archaeology Review, September/October 2001



How We Know When Solomon Ruled

Synchronisms with Egyptian and Assyrian rulers hold the key to dates of Israelite kings

By Kenneth A. Kitchen

Ever wonder how scholars date the reigns of the Israelite kings but were too embarrassed to ask? If so, this is the article for you. The short answer is that scholars use a variety of approaches and data from numerous sources to deduce regnal...Read more ›

Why Bone Boxes?

Splendor of Herodian Jerusalem reflected in burial practices

By Steven Fine

People who hear of it for the first time are always surprised: Ancient Jews practiced secondary burial, gathering into bone boxes called ossuaries the bones of their dead a year or so after death, when the flesh had desiccated and fallen off. Ossilegium, as scholars call it...Read more ›

Solomon’s Blessings

Would museums purchase these good-luck tokens today?

By Hershel Shanks

I read an interesting article in a recent issue of the Israel Exploration Journal that intrigued but also saddened me.1 It is about 16 eulogiai (singular, eulogia) inscribed in Greek simply with the name “Solomon.” A eulogia, literally, “blessing,” is a small token that operated as a...Read more ›