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Biblical Archaeology Review, November/December 2001



Excavating Philistine Gath: Have We Found Goliath’s Hometown?

By Aren M. MaeirCarl S. Ehrlich

Three of the five cities of the famous Philistine Pentapolis have long been known—Ashkelon, Ashdod and Gaza. A fourth, Ekron, has recently been confirmed by an inscription, locating it at modern Tel Miqne. Gath, the fifth, remains somewhat of a mystery. We believe we...Read more ›

The Monastery of the Cross: Where Heaven and Earth Meet

By Vassilios Tzaferis

Many years ago, before I had married and gone to work as an archaeologist at the Israel Antiquities Authority, I lived for five years in the Monastery of the Cross as a Greek Orthodox monk. So I know the complex well. According to legend, the tree that...Read more ›

The Rise and Fall of the Dead Sea

By Amos FrumkinYoel Elitzur

Genesis 14, one of the most puzzling episodes in the Bible, tells of a strange and unlikely war: Five petty kings, including the kings of Sodom and Gomorrah, rebel against an overlord king, Chedorlaomer, and his three allies. The battlefield is described both as...Read more ›

Is It or Isn’t It—A Synagogue?

Archaeologists disagree over buildings at Jericho and Migdal

By Hershel Shanks

Israeli archaeologist Ehud Netzer claims he has found the oldest synagogue building in the Biblical Land of Israel, near Jericho. Not everyone agrees that it’s a synagogue, however. Meanwhile, Italian excavators Virgilio Corbo and Stanislao Loffreda say they have found a synagogue about as old near the...Read more ›