Biblical Archaeology Review 27:6, November/December 2001

Is It or Isn’t It—A Synagogue?

Archaeologists disagree over buildings at Jericho and Migdal

By Hershel Shanks

Israeli archaeologist Ehud Netzer claims he has found the oldest synagogue building in the Biblical Land of Israel, near Jericho. Not everyone agrees that it’s a synagogue, however.

Meanwhile, Italian excavators Virgilio Corbo and Stanislao Loffreda say they have found a synagogue about as old near the Sea of Galilee, at Migdal (sometimes called Magdala). Netzer, however, doesn’t think the Migdal building is a synagogue at all.

We’ll present the evidence and let you decide.

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