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Biblical Archaeology Review, May/June 2002


Special Section

The Babylonian Gap Revisited


By Hershel Shanks

Perhaps the greatest disaster to befall ancient Israel was the conquest, at the end of the sixth century B.C.E. and start of the fifth, by the Babylonian empire. The fall of Judah to this new regional superpower occurred in two stages: Major strongholds like the Philistine cities...Read more ›

The Babylonian Gap Revisited

There Was No Gap

By Joseph Blenkinsopp

More than half a century ago, the dean of Biblical archaeologists, William Foxwell Albright, pronounced final judgment on the archaeological record for the territory of Judah between the destruction of Jerusalem by Babylon’s king Nebuchadrezzar [Nebuchadnezzar in the Bible] in 586 B.C.E. and the subsequent fall of...Read more ›

The Babylonian Gap Revisited

Yes There Was

By Ephraim Stern

Let me begin with several basic facts—more historical than archaeological—on which Joseph Blenkinsopp and I can agree. When the Babylonians arrived in the Land of Israel, there were no fewer than eight independent kingdoms there and in Transjordan: four kingdoms of the Philistines—Gaza, Ashkelon, Ashdod and Ekron;...Read more ›


Philistine Kin Found in Early Israel

By Adam Zertal

Almost from the beginning, the site of el-Ahwat was different—or, shall we say, strange. We first discovered it in 1992 during our archaeological survey of the hill country of Manasseh in north-central Israel. Seven dig seasons later we would come to identify it not...Read more ›

Chief Scroll Editor Opens Up—An Interview with Emanuel Tov

By Hershel Shanks

For more than a decade, Hebrew University professor Emanuel Tov has been in charge of the scholarly team that is publishing the Dead Sea Scrolls. It hasn’t always been easy; but now, with the 37th volume of the Discoveries in the Judean Desert series rolling off the...Read more ›

After Excavation

What happens when the archaeologists leave?

By Hershel Shanks

You’re an archaeologist. You’ve carefully excavated a site and written an exemplary final report. Your obligation to history has been met. But what about the site? What happens after you leave? The answer seems obvious: It should be preserved. Of course, when it comes...Read more ›

Return to Lachish

By Steven Feldman

“It feels good to be back,” says David Ussishkin as we approach the impressive mound of Lachish, a major military outpost of the Judahite kingdom that fell to a massive Assyrian onslaught in 701 B.C. The Assyrian king Sennacherib celebrated his capture of Lachish with a series...Read more ›



Desborough, Northamptonshire, England