Biblical Archaeology Review 29:6, November/December 2003

The Battleground

Who Destroyed Megiddo? Was It David or Shishak?

By Timothy P. Harrison

Did King David conquer and destroy Megiddo? Well, that depends partly on the date of Stratum VI. Let me explain why.

Most scholars accept David as a historical figure who was an active military ruler in the period portrayed in the Hebrew Bible (the early tenth century B.C.E.). However, there is considerably less agreement on how to interpret the archaeological evidence for this period. That’s where Megiddo Stratum VI figures in. The dispute is over which archaeological material relates to the time of David’s reign, or, more specifically, over establishing the chronological connections that permit us to link the archaeological record to the events described in the Bible.

And Megiddo Stratum VI is the key.

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