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Biblical Archaeology Review, December 1977



Report from Jerusalem

By Hershel Shanks

What the stock market is to Wall Street and government to Washington, archaeology is to Jerusalem. It is full of archaeological talk and archaeological gossip, of new finds and ideas and speculations. In 1843 the first U.S. Patent Commissioner, Henry Ellsworth, declared that “the advancement of the...Read more ›

Abraham in History

By Nahum M. Sarna

Fitting the “Patriarchal Age” into a historical framework is a formidable task. The issues are complex and our ignorance profound. There is no known synchronism between a single patriarchal Biblical event and a datable occurrence recorded in extra-Biblical sources.a Egyptian dynastic lists are of no help because...Read more ›

An Ancient Boat's Modern Ordeal

By Sidney C. Lippman

An American congressional delegation visiting Egypt recently was shown in to see the world’s oldest boat, a stunningly sleek and graceful vessel belonging to the Pharaoh Cheops and dating from 2700 B.C. For the occasion, the museum’s ventilation system, entrusted with preserving this priceless treasure, was activated...Read more ›

Found After 1400 Years—The Magnificent Nea

By Meir Ben-Dov

Byzantine Jerusalem was Christian Jerusalem—par excellence. The Byzantine era began when the Emperor Constantine—soon to convert to Christianity—became master of Palestine in 324 A.D. It did not end in Jerusalem until the Patriarch Sophronius surrendered the city to the Moslem caliph Omar in the spring of 638...Read more ›

Jerusalem of Gold—A Song and an Ancient Crown

By Shalom M. Paul

Shortly before the Six Day War, Israeli composer and singer Naomi Shemer introduced a new song which she called “Yerushalaiyim Shel Zahav,” “Jerusalem of Gold”: “Let me not forget thee O Jerusalem that is all of gold” The lovely melody of the refrain repeats the theme—Jerusalem of...Read more ›