You are here

Biblical Archaeology Review, July/August 2005



Sifting the Temple Mount Dump

Finds from First Temple Period to Modern Times

By Hershel Shanks

When archaeology student Zachi Zweig started to sift through the mountains of dirt that had been dumped into the Kidron Valley by Muslim authorities in charge of the unsupervised excavation of a new entrance to an underground mosque on the Temple Mount, he was...Read more ›

The Temple Menorah—Where Is It?

By Steven Fine

What is history and what is myth? What is true and what is legendary? Reporting on his 1996 meeting with Pope John Paul II (1978–2005), Israel’s Minister of Religious Affairs Shimon Shetreet reported, according to the Jerusalem Post, that “he had asked for Vatican cooperation in locating...Read more ›

Big City, Few People

Jerusalem in the Persian Period

By David Ussishkin

I would like to take a somewhat radical, maximalist view of the size of Jerusalem when the Israelites (or, more precisely, the Judahites) returned from the Babylonian Exile and restored the city walls, as described in the Book of Nehemiah. There is no doubt that the walls...Read more ›

Why Lachish Matters

A Major Site Gets the Publication It Deserves

By Philip J. King

Among cities in ancient Judah, Lachish was second only to Jerusalem in importance. A principal Canaanite and, later, Israelite site, Lachish occupied a major tell (mound) 25 miles southwest of Jerusalem, nestled in the foothills of Judah (the region known as the Shephelah).Read more ›

The Kitchen Debate

Three Scholars Discuss a Major New Book on History and the Bible

By Ronald S. HendelWilliam W. HalloKenneth A. Kitchen

When we received a copy of Kenneth A. Kitchen’s new book, On the Reliability of the Old Testament, we knew that we should review it. Kitchen is one of the world’s leading scholars (he specializes in Egyptology), and the subject matter of the book—how historically accurate is the Bible?—is of central interest to many of our readers. We asked Ronald Hendel, a professor at the University of California at Berkeley and a columnist for our sister magazine, Bible Review, to review it for us.Read more ›