Biblical Archaeology Review 33:4, July/August 2007

Strata: Strata Answers

Answer: D. Belt buckle

This belt buckle was discovered during excavations at Emmaus-Nicopolis in Israel, which may be the Emmaus referred to in the Gospel of Luke where Jesus broke bread with some of his disciples after the Resurrection. The buckle was recovered from an early-Christian burial installation, along with several oil lamps, copper plates and glass perfume bottles, as well as two coins. The buckle probably dates to the second or third century A.D.

Answer: 495 years

According to the Book of Ezra, the exiles who returned to Judea from Babylon completed the rebuilding of the Temple “on the third day of the month of Adar” in 515 B.C. This building stood until approximately 20 B.C., according to first-century Jewish historian Flavius Josephus, when Herod the Great dismantled it in preparation for the construction of a new Jewish Temple. The Second Temple was a rather modest affair compared to the grandeur of its predecessor, Solomon’s Temple, and to that of Herod’s Temple, but it lasted by far the longest of the three, standing for nearly five centuries.
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