More than 60 years ago, a brilliant lawyer named “Bull” Warren taught at the Harvard Law School. It was said of “Bull” Warren that it was possible to win an argument with him—but never if he put the question.
I use this to stress the significance of the question. What the question is is of utmost importance in determining the relationship of the Bible and archaeology. Whether or not archaeology can help us understand the Bible really depends on the question. In a word, don’t ask the wrong question; if you do, archaeology can be of no help.