March 6, 1475. Michelangelo, the famous Italian Renaissance sculptor, painter, architect, poet and engineer, was born in Caprese, Tuscany—his full name being Michelangelo di Lodovico Buonarroti Simoni. Revered as one of the greatest artists of all time, he had a significant impact on the development of Western art. One of his best-known works, the Pietà, is housed in St. Peter’s Basilica in the Vatican. This marble sculpture depicts the crucified Jesus on the lap of his mother, Mary. Michelangelo sculpted this piece—the only one he ever signed—before he turned 30.