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Biblical Archaeology Review, July/August 2015



The Puzzling Doorways of Solomon’s Temple

By Madeleine MumcuogluYosef Garfinkel

The Bible tells us that the doors of the inner shrine of Solomon’s Temple had five mezuzot (singular mezuzah) (1 Kings 6:31). Whatever they were, the Bible is not referring to the little parchment texts in a case posted on the doorposts of Jewish...Read more ›

Did Akhenaten’s Monotheism Influence Moses?

By Brian Fagan

In late spring, 1349 B.C., the chariot of the Egyptian Pharaoh Akhenaten drew up in an open space before a dazzling white inscription on a cliff face overlooking the Nile. There Akhenaten and his queen Nefertiti made lavish offerings to the solar god Aten. Then the pharaoh...Read more ›

The Gospel of Thomas: Jesus Said What?

By Simon Gathercole

Jesus said, “Blessed is the lion which the man eats, and the lion becomes man.” Jesus said, “Be passers-by!” Jesus said, “For every woman who makes herself male will enter the kingdom of heaven.” This hardly sounds like the Jesus familiar to us from the New Testament...Read more ›

The Mystery of the Missing Pages of the Aleppo Codex

By Yosef Ofer

The world’s oldest and most authoritative copy of the Hebrew Bible reposed for more than half a millennium in a synagogue in Aleppo, Syria, before it was desecrated in riots that followed the United Nations vote in 1947 calling for a Jewish state and an Arab state...Read more ›