How many wives did King David have?
According to the genealogical list of David’s male offspring, in
Limited polygamy was permitted in ancient Israel, and marriage agreements were business or political transactions rather than love matches. Because ancient Israel was a patrilineal society, and the primary purpose of any marriage was to produce a male heir, it is possible that King David had other wives who did not bear him a son and who are thus unaccounted—Tamar was hardly the only daughter beside David’s 19 sons. The case in point may be Saul’s younger daughter and David’s first wife, Michal, who is missing from the above list and who, according to