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Biblical Archaeology Review 48:1, Spring 2022

How Many?

How many pyramids are there at Giza in Egypt?

Answer: Eleven

Standing on the elevated desert plateau just outside the southwestern suburb of modern Cairo, the iconic Giza Pyramids represent the wealth and engineering ingenuity of ancient Egypt. One of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World (and the last one still standing), the three monumental pyramids were built as tombs for three different pharaohs of the Fourth Dynasty (c. 2600–2500 B.C.E.), at the peak of the Old Kingdom. At 480 feet high, the largest among them belongs to Khufu (or Cheops); the second one was constructed for Khufu’s son Khafre (or Khefren). The latest and smallest is that of Khufu’s grandson Menkaure (or Mycerinus).

But these are not the only pyramids at Giza. The royal necropolis includes several smaller pyramid tombs. Arranged as satellites of the three main pyramids, these belong to queens: four with the Khufu pyramid, one with Khafre, and three more with Menkaure, bringing the total number of Giza pyramids to 11.

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