The excavations uncovered remains belonging to three periods. The earliest preceded the construction of the tower and is dated to the Second Temple period. The second phase, during which the tower and stone glacis were built, is dated to the Byzantine period. Later in this period, a Byzantine coenobium monastery was founded. The last phase at the site is dated to the Mameluke period, when the ruins where sporadically inhabited.
THE SECOND TEMPLE PERIOD. Pottery found under the extant buildings provides the evidence for the Second Temple period occupation. The cave under the tower and the ritual bath uncovered west of the monastery apparently belong to this phase.
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