Tel Esur (Tell el-Asawir) is situated at the southern entrance to
In 1953, M. Dothan excavated a tomb slightly east of the Barkai Junction dating to the Early and Middle Bronze Ages. In 1956, R. Gophna and V. Sussman excavated a burial cave from the Middle and Late Bronze Ages located within the precincts of Kibbutz Barkai. A rich tomb from the Late Bronze Age and a small tomb from the Early Bronze Age I were excavated by members of the kibbutz; neither tomb was published and the finds were stolen from the kibbutz during the 1960s. In 1996–1997, E. Yannai and Z. Horowitz excavated tombs in the eastern cemetery: 2 from the Early Bronze Age IB and 20 dating from the Early Bronze Age IV. In 1999, E. Yannai excavated a Late Bronze Age tomb, 6 Early Bronze Age IV tombs, and a tomb dating from the Late Bronze Age IB in the southern cemetery.