Displaying 1 - 20 of 266 results
New hieroglyphic inscription may date Israel’s ethnogenesis 200 years earlier than you thought
Longtime BAR readers are familiar with the Merneptah Stele, now in the Egyptian Museum in Cairo, which is generally recognized as containing the oldest extrabiblical reference to Israel.a The hieroglyphic inscription can be dated quite...
Biblical Archaeology Review, January/February 2012
Expunging ancient Israel’s past
An increasingly modish—virulent?—strain of biblical scholarship concludes that the Bible is useless for reconstructing the history of ancient Israel. If this history can be reconstructed at all, it must be based solely on archaeological...
Bible Review, June 1997
The nested households of ancient Israel
Ancient Israelite society was structured in a way that few of us in modern times experience. Its focus was on family and kin...
Biblical Archaeology Review, March/April 2002
What covenant meant in ancient Israel
The covenant between God and the people of Israel “must be understood on the basis of political and judicial categories,” declares the highly regarded HarperCollins Bible Dictionary.1 Well, yes and no. In a groundbreaking...
Biblical Archaeology Review, July/August 1999
Ancient Israel's Major Architectural Achievement
Are so-called four-room houses an infallible sign of Israelites’ presence just because many have been found at sites identified as Israelite? If you think they are, how do you avoid the pitfall of circular argumentation, which is implied in this reasoning? Hershel Shanks argues that we might need to look for other historical evidence before we draw conclusions of ethnicity from the floor plans of early Iron Age houses in Biblical lands.
Biblical Archaeology Review, July/August 2017
For years, ultra-Orthodox Jews in Israel have used any means at their disposal, including violence, to stop archaeological excavations on the alleged ground that ancient Jewish graves are being desecrated. Recent elections have significantly...
Biblical Archaeology Review, September/October 1996
What may be an ancient Israelite house has been discovered at the one-time Egyptian capital of Thebes, dating to about the same time the Israelites were settling in Canaan (Iron Age I; 1200–1000 B.C.E.). The house was found by the Austrian...
Biblical Archaeology Review, July/August 1993
The famous inscribed ivory pomegranate, which, if authentic, may have been the head of a scepter from Solomon’s Temple, has endured decades of debate. Is the inscription real, or is it a forgery? A meeting between world-class paleographers in the summer of 2015 may have settled the debate.
Biblical Archaeology Review, March/April 2016
Archaeologist Hillel Geva says that population estimates for ancient Jerusalem are too high. His new estimates begin with people living on no more than a dozen acres.
Biblical Archaeology Review, May/June 2016
BAR interviews Israel Finkelstein
A debate rages among Biblical archaeologists: Was there a United Monarchy under David and Solomon? Should impressive ancient structures throughout Israel be attributed to Solomon or...
Biblical Archaeology Review, November/December 2002
A roundup of digs in Israel
In an oft-repeated story that the Patent Office denies, a 19th-century Commissioner of Patents announced that he would retire because everything that could be invented would soon be invented. I was reminded of this story as I traveled from...
Biblical Archaeology Review, November/December 1996
“Treasures of the Holy Land,” the Israel Museum’s exhibition of nearly 200 outstanding pieces, is being shown at New York’s Metropolitan Museum of Art through January 4, 1987. The exhibit is the largest and most important display of ancient...
Biblical Archaeology Review, November/December 1986
The interplay between archaeology and the Bible is perhaps nowhere better illustrated than in the subject of ivory. The Bible helps us to understand the archaeological artifacts, and the archaeological artifacts help us to understand the...
Biblical Archaeology Review, September/October 1985
Were it not for the efforts of the man who got Jerry Falwell started in television, the famous Dead Sea Scroll known as the “Temple Scroll” might never have come to light. At least that is the story according to Reverend Joe Uhrig, now...
Biblical Archaeology Review, November/December 1987
Iconography in the Ancient Near East
Tryggve N.D....No Graven Image? Israelite Aniconism in Its Ancient Near Eastern Context
Biblical Archaeology Review, May/June 1997
Ancient inscription records gift to Solomon’s Temple
Two extremely important Hebrew inscriptions have recently surfaced on the antiquities market. One appears to be a receipt for a donation of three silver shekels to the Temple of Yahweh...
Biblical Archaeology Review, November/December 1997
The excavator of Dan recalls growing up in pre-state Israel, great archaeologists he’s known and why he’s a Biblical archaeologist
On October 23, 1999, Avraham Biran, director of the Nelson Glueck School of Biblical Archaeology at Hebrew Union College in Jerusalem, will celebrate his 90th birthday. He will also...
Biblical Archaeology Review, September/October 1999
This is one of the most impressive archaeological sites in Israel, yet it is rarely visited even by aficionados because it is so difficult to get to—unmarked and neglected.
To: Israel Gilad, Director General, Israel National Parks Authority From: Hershel Shanks, Editor, BAR You are really missing a good bet! You are supporting and financing the excavation and restoration of two important Roman-period sites in...
Biblical Archaeology Review, May/June 1994
Does archaeology prove the truth of the Bible? • Will an archive be found in Israel? • Where will Yadin dig next? • Advice to aspiring archaeologists • Yadin’s definition of Biblical archaeology
On July 22, 1982, BAR editor Hershel Shanks visited Yigael Yadin in his home in Jerusalem. Shanks spoke for several hours with Yadin, who had recently returned to full time archaeology after one of the many discursions that have marked his...
Biblical Archaeology Review, January/February 1983
The famous Ivory Pomegranate Inscription: Is it a forgery or authentic? You decide. And let us know your decision. A Hebrew inscription is engraved around the shoulder of the thumb-size pomegranate that reads, “Holy to the priests, (belonging...
Biblical Archaeology Review, September/October 2007