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Displaying 1 - 20 of 119 results
Prize Find: Oldest Hebrew Inscription Discovered in Israelite Fort on Philistine Border
A little more than a year ago, we reported on a new excavation (directed by the Hebrew University’s Yosef Garfinkel and Saar Ganor) of an imposing Israelite fort on the border with Philistia dating to the late 11th–early tenth century B.C.E...
Biblical Archaeology Review, March/April 2010
The History Behind the Bible
BAR Interviews Avraham Malamat
A deep fissure runs through Biblical studies today. On one side are those who maintain that the Bible contains much reliable history; on the other side are those who say the Biblical texts were written much later than the events they describe...
Biblical Archaeology Review, January/February 2003
The Religious Message of the Bible
BAR interviews Père Benoit
Hershel Shanks: Père Benoit, you are in a consummate way representative of the French in Jerusalem, or of the scholarly world of France in Jerusalem. Most people in the United States are not aware that so many different nationalities have...
Biblical Archaeology Review, March/April 1986
Is the Bible Right After All? BAR Interviews William Dever—Part Two
Continuing their wide-ranging conversation, excavator Bill Dever and Hershel Shanks turn to a crucial issue: How the Bible and archaeology can be used—and misused—to illuminate each other. HS: What does it mean to be an Israelite in the 12th...
Biblical Archaeology Review, September/October 1996
Syria Tries to Influence Ebla Scholarship
Official view objects to emphasis on Biblical connections. BAR calls for prompt publication of most significant tablets which relate to the Bible.
It is now clear that anti-Zionist political pressures in Syria are attempting to affect the scholarly interpretation of the Ebla tablets. The Syrians are furious that in the West the intense interest shown in this fantastic cache of tablets...
Biblical Archaeology Review, March/April 1979
Mitchell Dahood—In Memoriam
Leading Ebla scholar dies suddenly in Rome
Mitchell Dahood is dead at 60. He died in Rome on March 8 of a sudden, unexpected and massive heart attack. I should write Father Mitchell Dahood, for he was a Roman Catholic priest, a Jesuit, who spent nearly 20 years teaching at Rome’s...
Biblical Archaeology Review, May/June 1982
Plants as Biblical Metaphors
For our ancestors, wild plants and animals of the Holy Land served as symbols and metaphors. These people were closer to nature than we are today and they understood the life cycles of the plants and animals about them. In the Bible, they...
Biblical Archaeology Review, May/June 1979
Contrasting Insights of Biblical Giants
Hershel Shanks: I have known each of you for many years. And I know that the Bible has been a central influence in your lives—...
Biblical Archaeology Review, July/August 2004
Fingerprint of Jeremiah’s Scribe
Why do we seek to retrace the footsteps of Moses and Jesus? Why do we look for the places they lived? Many archaeologists and scholars may quietly—or not so quietly—scoff at this interest. I cannot explain it, but I will confess to it. And so...
Biblical Archaeology Review, March/April 1996
Living Plants as Archaeological Artifacts
The climate of the Near East has not changed since Biblical times, according to most scientists, a view shared by climatologists, as well as by geologists and dendrochronologists (experts in dating tree rings). Thus most plants in Bible lands...
Biblical Archaeology Review, December 1975
Three Shekels for the Lord
Ancient inscription records gift to Solomon’s Temple
Two extremely important Hebrew inscriptions have recently surfaced on the antiquities market. One appears to be a receipt for a donation of three silver shekels to the Temple of Yahweh...
Biblical Archaeology Review, November/December 1997
“Do You Know When the Ibexes Give Birth?”
The Hebrew word ya-el appears three times in the Bible. In English translations it is usually translated as “wild goat,” and in some modern translations, as “mountain-goat.” In actuality, the Hebrew ya-el is the ibex (Capra...
Biblical Archaeology Review, November/December 1979
What About the Jehoash Inscription?
The stone tablet that purports to have been commissioned by Jehoash, the ninth-century B.C.E. king of Judah, raised questions from the start. The first line of the inscription is missing, including the name Jehoash; the top of the plaque is...
Biblical Archaeology Review, September/October 2003
Dancing in Denver
From one scholarly meeting to another
I didn’t realize how big Denver is. I learned when trying to cover three (or four) meetings at the same time last November in two locations in downtown Denver and nearby Boulder...
Biblical Archaeology Review, March/April 2002
Wrestling with Scripture
Phyllis Trible Obtains a Blessing, but It Comes at a Cost: She Limps
Phyllis Trible is surely one of the most distinguished feminist Biblical scholars in the world. In 1994, she served as president of the Society of Biblical Literature, only the second woman to serve in that capacity since the organization was...
Biblical Archaeology Review, March/April 2006
Perhaps the greatest disaster to befall ancient Israel was the conquest, at the end of the sixth century B.C.E. and start of the fifth, by the Babylonian empire. The fall of Judah to this new regional superpower occurred in two stages: Major...
Biblical Archaeology Review, May/June 2002
A Mickey Mouse Operation
Annual Meeting convenes in Disney World
Query: Why is Disney World like Kansas City? Answer: Both proved hopelessly inept and inadequate in hosting the Annual Meeting of the Society of Biblical Literature (SBL) and the American Academy of Religion (AAR).a It will be a long time...
Biblical Archaeology Review, March/April 1999
Golden Anniversary of the Scrolls
There, on a moonlit night beside the ruins of Qumran, was the voice of Yigael Yadin, Israel’s most illustrious archaeologist, dead these 13 years, reading in the original language from a letter by Shimon bar Kosiba, better known as Bar-Kokhba...
Biblical Archaeology Review, November/December 1997
Please Return the Siloam Inscription to Jerusalem
The Siloam Inscription is the most famous, most significant and most precious ancient Hebrew inscription ever discovered. Carved in elegant paleo-Hebrew letters, the kind used by the Israelites before the Babylonian Exile, it was found in...
Biblical Archaeology Review, May/June 1991
BAR Interview: Yigal Shiloh—Last Thoughts, Part II
Yigal Shiloh, director of the City of David Excavations in Jerusalem from 1978 to 1985, died last November at the age of 50. Less than five months before his death, Shiloh was interviewed by BAR editor Hershel Shanks. In Part I of the...
Biblical Archaeology Review, May/June 1988