Biblical Archaeology Review, May/June 2016
Displaying 1 - 19 of 19 results
A scholar rips Handel’s Messiah
Every December, concert halls and churches throughout the English-speaking world resound with the strains of George Frederic Handel‘s mighty Messiah. For centuries, music lovers have gone home humming the arias and choruses that Handel‘s...
Bible Review, December 2002
How Mary became the Mother of God
Five million Christian pilgrims travel each year to the grotto of Lourdes in southwestern France, where the Virgin Mary is said to have appeared to a peasant girl in 1858. The map of Rome is spotted with churches dedicated to the Queen of...
Bible Review, June 2001
Preserved in art
Gazing in adoration at the newborn Jesus, three shepherds join Joseph and Mary in the manger in an early-15th-century painting of The Nativity, attributed to the Netherlandish artist Robert Campin. Outside the rustic shed appear two...
Bible Review, June 1997
Pazuzu...Lamashtu...Khatyu...Sheseru...Sasam...Lilith...Asmodeus...Beelzebub.... Names to conjure with. Literally. Years ago, when I was a student at Harvard, my teacher Frank Moore Cross raised a puzzling question: Why do demons—so prominent...
Bible Review, October 2004
Does it contain authentic sayings of Jesus?
Scholars have long theorized that collections of Jesus’ sayings circulated in the decades following his death and that therefore they would be among the earliest witnesses to his message. Modern critical scholars have even been able to...
Bible Review, April 1990
How Adam and Eve Fared After the Fall
Adam and Eve’s disobedience in the Garden of Eden serves as the foundation for Western theologies of the way we are: sinful and guilty. As the New England Primer of 1683 succinctly states: “In Adam’s fall, We sinned all.” For their sin, Adam and Eve are expelled from the Garden in Genesis 3.
Bible Review, June 2004
Picturing the word made flesh
Imagine you are a medieval artist assigned to paint the Annunciation—the very moment when Mary first hears the news that she has...
Bible Review, December 2002
How the Worst Man in Christendom Saved the Church
Simon Magus is arguably the worst of the bad guys in the history of the church.1 One of the major sins, simony, the act of buying an ecclesiastical office, is named for this magician who clashed with the apostle Peter. It gets worse. In the...
Bible Review, Fall 2005
Who was Thecla? Little known today, especially in Protestant churches, Thecla of Iconium enjoyed fame perhaps second only to Mary, mother of Jesus, in the early Christian era. Thecla’s anonymity is all the more remarkable because women were...
Bible Review, December 2004
Christians who want to follow the teachings of the New Testament about the Holy Spirit should discard the doctrine of the inspiration of Scripture.
Bible Review, October 1995
Luke presents Jesus’ birth as a political message. But it is not the birth of an emperor that ushers in an era of peace: Rather it is the birth of a child in Bethlehem.
Bible Review, October 1994
The difference in date between Passover and Easter is only the external sign of a division between Jews and Christians that has resulted in the darkest chapters of Christian history.
Bible Review, February 1993
Only in Luke do we find a group of women among Jesus’ followers who parallel the 12 male disciples. If Luke reflects any prejudice, it is against people who are wealthy and comfortable.
Bible Review, June 1992
Are there limits to love and generosity? Is wealth a good thing? Should justice be impartial? Does following the commandments and giving to the poor make a person acceptable to God? Luke has a few surprises for us.
Bible Review, October 1992