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Displaying 1 - 14 of 14 results
My Odyssey in New Testament Interpretation
Karl Marx, when he was living in Highgate, London, was once asked to address a group of theologians. On his arrival, the meeting place was full of tobacco smoke, and Marx remarked, “Theologians always cloud the issues.” When I remind...
Bible Review, June 1989
Profiles in Scholarly Courage
Early days of New Testament criticism
More than two centuries ago, it occurred to a few European intellectuals that Jesus as a figure of history may have been quite different from Jesus as portrayed in the Gospels. With the awareness of that potential difference, the scholarly quest for the Jesus of history began. At that time and in...
Bible Review, October 1994
II: Original Biblical Text Reconstructed from Newly Found Fragments
Scrolls provide a fresh understanding of apocalyptic elements in late biblical religion
In the last issue of Bible Review, Professor Cross presented a description, based on his study of the Dead Sea Scrolls, of how the text of the Hebrew Bible developed (“The Text...
Bible Review, Fall 1985
The Search Begins: The Fathers of Historical Jesus Scholarship
During the Enlightenment, the historian’s job changed dramatically. It was no longer enough simply to chronicle events reported in earlier, authoritative texts. Tradition and authority had become suspect, as investigation and reason became the...
Bible Review, Summer 2005
I: The Text Behind the Text of the Hebrew Bible
This is Part I of a two-part article; the second part will appear in the next issue of Bible Review. Part 2 will discuss the...
Bible Review, Summer 1985
What Did Jesus Really Say?
About 40 scholars, all specialists in the study of the historical Jesus, are seated around a table. They have just completed their discussion of a saying attributed to Jesus in the Gospels. The time has come for each to vote on a simple but...
Bible Review, October 1989
Homosexuality and the New Testament
The prohibition of homosexual behavior is embedded in an ancient legal code that Christians typically see as no longer in force.
Bible Review, December 1994
Thinking About the Second Coming
To mainline New Testament scholars, it seems highly unlikely that early Christian scenarios about the future, wrong in their own time, might nevertheless be correct about some future time.
Bible Review, August 1994
How Did Jesus Die for Our Sins?
The use of a sacrificial metaphor to interpret Jesus’ death subverted the role of the Temple: Its sacrifices were no longer the only way of dealing with impurity and sin.
Bible Review, April 1995
Revelation and the Militias
It is a terrible irony when the Book of Revelation is used not to comfort victims of oppression, as its author intended, but to justify violence against the innocent.
Bible Review, August 1995
Thinking About Easter
Whatever happened at Easter, it was not resuscitation. Easter does not mean that Jesus resumed his previous life as a finite person.
Bible Review, April 1994
What Did Jesus Know?
Though historical scholarship generates uncertainties about what Jesus knew and didn’t know, I am convinced Jesus knew God.
Bible Review, December 1995