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Says he didn’t father Gottwald’s Marxist theory
Israel emerged as a people just before the period of the Judges, at the end of what archaeologists call the Late Bronze Age (1550–1200 B.C.) and the beginning of Iron Age I (1200–1000 B.C.)—the time when the Israelite tribes settled in the...
Bible Review, Summer 1986
Essenes or Sadducees?
Adjacent to the 11 caves on the northwestern shore of the Dead Sea where the famous Dead Sea Scrolls were found are the remains of an ancient settlement overlooking the Wadi Qumran. It is almost certain that the people who lived in this...
Bible Review, April 1991
How are they related?
Almost from the moment the first Dead Sea Scrolls came under scholarly scrutiny, the question of their relation to early Christianity became a key issue. The early days of Qumrana research produced some spectacular theories regarding the...
Bible Review, December 1991
What they share
Many of the ritual and community practices of the Qumran covenanters, who lived near the Dead Sea and who produced what we call the Dead Sea Scrolls, have impressive parallels among New Testament Christians. Here are just a few: Acts...
Bible Review, February 1992
How it rewrote the Bible
The book of Jubilees belongs to a category of literature that contemporary scholars designate by the pleasantly vague tag “the Rewritten Bible.”1 The author of the book, like a number of other ancient Jewish writers, found it convenient to...
Bible Review, December 1992
What is the appeal of that curious collection of tales known as the Book of Enoch? It is (and was) that it provides a glimpse into the beyond. As George Nickelsburg suggests in his new commentary, Enoch reassures the faithful that there was...
Bible Review, April 2003
35 Scrolls Still in Private Hands By James H. Charlesworth In 1954, at the age of 14, I was living with my family in Delray Beach, Florida. I would spend summers exploring the Everglades in my kayak, wondering wide-eyed at the alligators and...
Biblical Archaeology Review, September/October 2007
What do the Dead Sea Scrolls tell us about the New Testament? One possible answer is: Nothing. The scrolls were associated with a relatively small group, or, rather, with several small groups.a Other Jewish people, like the first Christians,...
Biblical Archaeology Review, March/April 2015
Not to result in a religious conversion, but to hearing the “teaching” that goes forth from Zion in the name of the God who is worshipped there. The universal is to be found in the particular.
Bible Review, June 1992
Humans received a God-given freedom to choose between a lifestyle that fosters life on this planet or that leads to death for the earth and its inhabitants. In the words of Deuteronomy 30:19: “Choose life so that you and your descendants may live.”
Bible Review, October 1992
Is Heterosexuality—the biological norm for reproduction—also the ethical norm for human sexual relations? My proposal does not provide answers, but gives a basis for discussion in terms of biblical theology.
Bible Review, June 1993